SiLK(the System for Internet-Level Knowledge)，是由卡内基.梅隆大学CERT组开发的一套大规模网络分析工具。
The root of the directory tree where the SiLK Flow files are permanently stored. Use the –enable-data-rootdir=dir switch to give the value to configure. If you do not specify a location, /data is the name of the directory.
The root of the directory tree where SiLK will be installed. Pass this value to configure in the –prefix switch. If not specified, the default is /usr/local.
Supporting PySiLK: SiLK in Python
SiLK provides support for accessing SiLK flow records from within Python and for using Python code as part of an rwfilter invocation. You may also use Python code to create arbitrary fields to use in rwcut, rwgroup, rwsort, rwstats, and rwuniq. This support is called PySiLK and it requires Python 2.4 or later. Python 2.6 or later is highly recommended, and PySiLK is known to work with Python 3.x.
To include PySiLK support, you must provide the –with-python switch to configure.
Using automatic file compression
To reduce the size of the data files, the rwflowpack daemon and many analysis tools have the ability to use an external library to automatically compress their binary output when writing and uncompress their input when reading. You can specify whether a particular tool uses this external compression via a switch on the tool’s command line.
The default setting for this behavior is determined by the –enable-output-compression=type switch to configure. SiLK supports the following parameters to the switch:
use no compression; this is the default
use the widely available zlib general compression library
use the Snappy data compression library
use the lzo1x algorithm from the LZO real-time data compression library
Building support for MaxMind GeoIP2 binary database files
When SiLK is compiled with libmaxminddb support, the rwgeoip2ccmap tool is able to build the country-code prefix map file (cf. Section 3.3) by reading a MaxMind GeoIP2 or GeoLite2 binary database file (e.g., GeoIP2-Country.mmdb).
Collecting IPFIX, NetFlow v9, or sFlow records
When SiLK is compiled with libfixbuf support, the SiLK packer can read NetFlow v9 flow records, sFlow records (as of SiLK-3.9.0), and flow data generated by an IPFIX (Internet Protocol Flow Information eXport) compliant flow generator such as the YAF flow sensor technology (https://tools.netsa.cert.org/yaf/).
libfixbuf is a separate library; it does not come as part of SiLK. You must download it from https://tools.netsa.cert.org/fixbuf/ and install it prior to installing SiLK. For IPFIX, NetFlow v9, and sFlow support, SiLK requires libfixbuf-1.7.0 or later (starting with the SiLK-3.11.0 release).
Supporting conversion of packet capture tcpdump data
The configure script will attempt to locate the pcap library and header files. If they are not found or if they do not have the required functions, SiLK will be built without support for the packet-flow conversion tools rwptoflow and rwpmatch.
Supporting the IP Association library (libipa)
If SiLK is compiled with libipa support, the rwipaimport and rwipaexport programs will be compiled. These tools interact with an IPA (IP Association) database, which stores information about IP addresses. rwipaimport takes an existing SiLK IPset, Bag, or Prefix Map and stores it in the database; rwipaexport reads data from the IPA database to create a SiLK IPset, Bag, or Prefix Map. libipa is a separate library available from https://tools.netsa.cert.org/ipa/. SiLK requires libipa-0.5.0 or greater.
make make install
YAF(Yet Another Flowmeter)是一个可以和SiLK配合使用的流量采集工具，可以把包文件(pcap)或者live采集的数据包直接转换为双向的flow，为进一步的流分析所用。2
requires giving the –enable-applabel option to ./configure.
requires giving the –enable-p0fprinter and –enable-applabel options to ./configure.
Deep Packet Inspection (DPI)
requires plugin support. Use the –enable-plugins option to ./configure.